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Evaluation and adaptation of clinical practice guidelines
Changing a urine collection pad (UCP) every 30 minutes reduced contamination of urine samples more than a UCP kept in the nappy in children with suspected urinary tract infection
Review: thickened feeds or metoclopramide may reduce symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux in healthy infants
Home visits by paraprofessionals improved maternal mental health and mother-child interaction 2 years after visits ended
Review: some specific preventive psychosocial and psychological interventions reduce risk of postpartum depression
Review: little evidence supports the efficacy of major commercial and organised self help weight loss programmes
Maintenance and symptom relief with budesonide plus formoterol reduced severe asthma exacerbations
Home based and hospital based IV antibiotics for cellulitis had similar effects on clinical outcomes
At-home foot temperature monitoring reduced foot complications in high risk patients with diabetes
A collaborative care intervention improved depression outcomes, but not glycaemic control, in diabetes and comorbid depression
Review: high dose vitamin E supplementation is associated with increased all cause mortality
Review: plant based oestrogens do not relieve hot flushes or other menopausal symptoms
Review: mild induced hypothermia does not reduce mortality or severe disability in moderate to severe head injury
Review: bowel preparation before elective colorectal surgery increases anastomotic leakage more than no preparation
Review: statins reduce non-fatal and fatal strokes in patients with and without coronary heart disease
Patient self management of anticoagulants resulted in fewer major complications than clinic-based management
Review: intravenous and oral opioids reduce chronic non-cancer pain but are associated with high rates of constipation, nausea, and sleepiness
Patients who wore standard magnetic bracelets reported reduced pain from osteoarthritis of the hip or knee compared with patients wearing placebo bracelets
A collaborative quality improvement intervention was effective for promoting use of surfactant therapy in preterm infants
Parents of young children used over the counter medication to alleviate symptoms and to change children’s behaviour
Adolescents struggled to maintain a sense of control over their cigarette smoking through a 4 phase cycle
Adolescents’ conceptualisations of depression (a helpful label, chronic medical problem, or personality characteristic) affected their attitudes and decisions about treatment
Primary care practitioners based everyday practice on internalised tacit guidelines derived through social interactions with trusted colleagues
“Striving for normalcy” was the core process in the symptom experience related to the threat of rejection after a lung transplant
Expressed desire for hastened death by patients with advanced cancer had several meanings and uses
Glossary