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The synthesis of qualitative research and evidence-based nursing
Teaching tip: using the “Who wants to be a millionaire?” game to teach searching skills
Review: antihistamines, decongestants, or both do not provide benefit in children with otitis media with effusion
Delivery of a β2 agonist by metered dose inhaler with a bottle spacer was equivalent to delivery by conventional spacer in young children with acute lower airway obstruction
Review: distraction, hypnosis, and combined cognitive-behavioural interventions reduce needle related pain and distress in children and adolescents
Review: over-the-counter medications are effective for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
The LiftTrainerTM programme was not more effective than a video for reducing back injury in jobs with repetitive lifting
Review: lifestyle or pharmacological interventions prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance
Review: oral anticoagulants plus aspirin reduce arterial thromboembolism more than oral anticoagulants alone but only in patients with mechanical heart valves
Review: adequately randomised trials showed that mammography screening did not significantly reduce breast cancer, cancer, or all cause mortality but increased breast surgeries
Oral nutritional supplements during acute illness and recovery reduced non-elective hospital readmissions in older patients
Review: timing or administration route of nutritional support does not affect death or disability in head injury
Review: patient controlled opioid analgesia reduces postoperative pain more than conventional as-needed opioid analgesia
Review: acupuncture and mind-body therapies may be effective for cancer related pain
A proactive communication strategy reduced post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in relatives of patients dying in the ICU
Overnight splinting of the wrist in a neutral or extended position did not prevent contracture after stroke
4 layer bandages were better than 1 layer bandages, and pentoxifylline may be better than placebo for venous leg ulcers
Daily folic acid supplementation for 3 years reduced age related hearing loss
An exercise programme led to a slower decline in activities of daily living in nursing home patients with Alzheimer’s disease
Weak infant sucking in the first 8 weeks, reliance on breastfeeding for ≥9 months, small feeds, and difficulties in weaning were associated with failure to thrive
Including a weaning predictor in the daily assessment of weaning readiness increased mechanical ventilation weaning time
Clinically obese children identified facilitators and barriers to initiating and maintaining the behaviours required for weight loss
Children were marginalised by parents and healthcare professionals during consultations for dietary management of cystic fibrosis
Lesbian women and gay men found that nurses often assumed they were heterosexual, which led to feelings of discomfort and insecurity
A diagnosis of HIV infection evoked strong and long lasting emotional reactions in women
Patients with recently diagnosed hypertension described risk in terms of acceptance and denial narratives, which served as personal frameworks of coping
Glossary