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Purpose and procedure
New beginnings
Accessing pre-appraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model
Using decision analysis to integrate evidence into decision making
Review: inhaled corticosteroids reduce wheezing and asthma exacerbations in infants and preschool children
Review: inhaled corticosteroids reduce wheezing and asthma exacerbations in infants and preschool children
Review: culture-specific programmes improve some asthma-related outcomes in children and adults from ethnic minority groups
Review: culture-specific programmes improve some asthma-related outcomes in children and adults from ethnic minority groups
Review: high-quality evidence on the effectiveness of laxatives for functional constipation in children is limited
Review: high-quality evidence on the effectiveness of laxatives for functional constipation in children is limited
Review: cancer-related decision aids improve patient knowledge overall and reduce anxiety in screening settings
Review: cancer-related decision aids improve patient knowledge overall and reduce anxiety in screening settings
Diets with different targets for intake of fat, protein, and carbohydrates achieved similar weight loss in obese adults
Diets with different targets for intake of fat, protein, and carbohydrates achieved similar weight loss in obese adults
A behavioural weight-loss programme reduced urinary incontinence more than an education programme in overweight and obese women
A behavioural weight-loss programme reduced urinary incontinence more than an education programme in overweight and obese women
A very low calorie diet plus lifestyle counselling improved mild obstructive sleep apnoea in overweight patients
A very low calorie diet plus lifestyle counselling improved mild obstructive sleep apnoea in overweight patients
Nurse-led care was non-inferior to physician-directed care in symptomatic moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea
Nurse-led care was non-inferior to physician-directed care in symptomatic moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea
Below-knee cast and Aircast brace improved ankle function at 3 months in acute severe ankle sprain
Below-knee cast and Aircast brace improved ankle function at 3 months in acute severe ankle sprain
Review: mechanical bowel preparation before colorectal surgery does not provide any benefit and may be harmful
Review: mechanical bowel preparation before colorectal surgery does not provide any benefit and may be harmful
Intravascular catheter dressings with chlorhexidine-impregnated sponges reduced infections in the ICU
Intravascular catheter dressings with chlorhexidine-impregnated sponges reduced infections in the ICU
Review: compression was effective for healing venous ulcers, and multicomponent systems were better than single-component ones
Review: compression was effective for healing venous ulcers, and multicomponent systems were better than single-component ones
Review: silver-releasing dressings improve healing and quality of life in patients with non-healing chronic wounds
Review: silver-releasing dressings improve healing and quality of life in patients with non-healing chronic wounds
Review: little evidence exists for type of dressing or support surface or for nutritional supplements for pressure ulcers
Review: little evidence exists for type of dressing or support surface or for nutritional supplements for pressure ulcers
Review: exercise interventions improve functional and physical performance but not activities of daily living in older adults
Review: exercise interventions improve functional and physical performance but not activities of daily living in older adults
A combination of 4 health behaviours was associated with increasing risk of stroke
A combination of 4 health behaviours was associated with increasing risk of stroke
Review: anger and hostility increase risk of coronary heart disease events in healthy people and those with existing CHD
Review: anger and hostility increase risk of coronary heart disease events in healthy people and those with existing CHD
Smoking increased risk of cervical cancer, independent of infection with high-risk HPV types
Smoking increased risk of cervical cancer, independent of infection with high-risk HPV types
Absolute CVD risk, stratified by risk score, was 20% higher in primary care patients with CVD than in those without CVD
Absolute CVD risk, stratified by risk score, was 20% higher in primary care patients with CVD than in those without CVD
Women who coped successfully with progressive MS learned to confront their diagnosis and live with its unpredictable changes
Women who coped successfully with progressive MS learned to confront their diagnosis and live with its unpredictable changes
6 themes described how women with early-stage breast cancer perceived and experienced treatment decision making
6 themes described how women with early-stage breast cancer perceived and experienced treatment decision making
Men experienced and responded to the embodied and emotional effects of prostate cancer in different ways
Men experienced and responded to the embodied and emotional effects of prostate cancer in different ways
Patients’ attitudes, the hospital environment, and staff behaviour affected patients’ dignity on a surgical ward
Patients’ attitudes, the hospital environment, and staff behaviour affected patients’ dignity on a surgical ward
Loss of continuity and lack of closure in therapeutic relationships were associated with feelings of abandonment at the transition to end of life care
Loss of continuity and lack of closure in therapeutic relationships were associated with feelings of abandonment at the transition to end of life care
Glossary