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Using evidence to make decisions
Qualitative data analysis
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A shorter interval between menarche and first sexual intercourse is associated with increased risk of high-grade cervical disease
Overdiagnosis in breast cancer screening
Sixteen per cent of mothers who present their young infants to the emergency department with non-time-critical conditions screen positive for postnatal depression
Gestational diabetes is associated with increased risk of urinary incontinence up to 2 years postpartum
Pregnant women screening positive for depressive symptoms at 24–28 weeks may have increased risk of preterm birth but more precise research is needed
Preoperative physical therapy reduces risk of postoperative atelectasis and pneumonia in people undergoing elective cardiac surgery
British secondary school students report frequent abdominal pain with associated physical and emotional symptoms
In infants born extremely preterm, aspirin or NSAID use during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of quadriparetic cerebral palsy
Combined infant regulatory problems and early maternal psychiatric illness predict risk of functional somatic symptoms in later childhood
Adding very low nicotine content cigarettes to nicotine replacement therapy and behavioural support increases abstinence at 6 months after the quit date
Another step towards the acceptance of chest compression only CPR for primary cardiac arrest
In men and women with COPD the presence of urinary incontinence is associated with poorer quality of life
Even with regular use of an observational scale to assess pain among nursing home residents with dementia, pain-relieving interventions are not frequently used
Around half of nurses and midwives report workplace aggression in the past month
Having a greater proportion of registered nurses in a respiratory care centre is associated with fewer urinary infections and increased successful ventilator weaning
Whether nitrofurazone-impregnated catheters have a clinically important impact on the risk of UTI compared to standard catheters is uncertain, but they may be cost-effective for the NHS
After implementation of a new ‘track and trigger’ model, nursing staff showed improved self-assessed knowledge and confidence in detection and management of deteriorating patients
Correction