Disclosure of domestic violence and abuse
Service evaluation, audit and research
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Drospirenone-containing oral contraceptives may increase the risk of venous thromboembolism
In women, increased dietary antioxidants are associated with reduced risk of developing heart failure
Available evidence suggests women with false-positive mammograms less likely to return for screening
Second trimester hyperemesis gravidarum is associated with increased risk of preterm pre-eclampsia, placental abruption and small for gestational age birth
Gestational diabetes
Late pregnancy use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors is associated with increased risk of postpartum haemorrhage
Antenatal perineal massage decreases risk of perineal trauma during birth
In Western Australia, 70% of mothers of babies with fetal alcohol syndrome did not have an alcohol-related diagnosis recorded during pregnancy
Adolescent girls who experience abuse or neglect are at an increased risk of teen pregnancy
People with schizophrenia are more likely to have a mother who smoked during pregnancy than people without the condition
Home palliative care services increase the chance of adults with advanced illness dying at home and reduce symptom burden without impact on caregiver grief
Mandatory gloving in acute care paediatric units associated with decreased risk of hospital-acquired infections
Parents of British Bangladeshi children undergoing cancer treatment report managing competing knowledge, vigilance, advocacy, balancing work and treatment burden impacts on their lives
Prenatal exposure to sodium valproate is associated with increased risk of childhood autism and autistic spectrum disorder
Excess weight gain in the first 18 months of life is associated with later childhood overweight, obesity and greater arterial wall thickness
Children of mothers with iodine deficiency during pregnancy are more likely to have lower verbal IQ and reading scores at 8–9 years of age
Alcohol consumption in early and late pregnancy is associated with poor child reading and writing ability at 8–9 years of age
Children’s experience of postoperative pain relief
In adults with intellectual disability, discontinuation of antipsychotics is associated with reduction in weight, BMI, waist circumference and blood pressure
Calcium supplements associated with increased risk of cardiovascular death in men but not women
One year following injury, pain and physical factors affect the likelihood of residual disability, but psychiatric symptoms may have a greater influence
Modest salt intake reduction for 4 weeks or longer decreases blood pressure
End-of-life care in the emergency department
Terminally ill patients who are supported by religious communities are more likely to receive aggressive end-of-life care rather than hospice care; spiritual support from medical teams may reverse this
The majority of hospitalised elderly people at high risk of dying have thought about end-of-life care, though documentation of preferences in medical records may be lacking
Women's experience of abuse in a healthcare setting reveals preceding loss of power struggles, with sensitivity and dependency making them vulnerable to staff domination
A transitional care model for low-income older adults does not reduce readmission rates or emergency department visits during care transitions