Election 2015
Issues of validity and reliability in qualitative research
Sixteen per cent of women have depression symptoms in the year after childbirth and are more likely to report physical symptoms, including tiredness and back pain
Maternal extraversion, emotional stability and conscientiousness are associated with initiation and continuation of breastfeeding
Of women seeking assistance for intimate partner violence, those who report victimisation during pregnancy are at higher risk of further victimisation
Pregnant women with schizophrenia are at higher risk of pre-eclampsia, venous thromboembolism and adverse neonatal outcomes
Fasting may not be required before percutaneous coronary intervention
A decision tree incorporating biomarkers and patient characteristics estimates mortality risk for adults with septic shock
Addressing anxiety and insecure attachment in close relationships could improve quality of life for gynaecological cancer survivors
Higher red meat intake in early adulthood is associated with increased risk of breast cancer; substitution with different protein sources such as legumes and poultry may help
High consumption of peanuts or tree nuts by non-allergic mothers around the time of pregnancy reduces the risk of nut allergy in the child
Low parent health literacy is associated with ‘obesogenic’ infant care behaviours
Half of parents underestimate the weight of their overweight or obese children
Cumulative adversity in early childhood is associated with increased BMI and behavioural problems
Nurse home visits for infants and toddlers of low-income families improve behavioural, language and attention outcomes at age 6–9 years; paraprofessional visits improve visual attention and task switching
Individualised education reduces anxiety levels in children over 4 years undergoing elective surgery
Adoptive parents can be unprepared for the challenges in caring for children with reactive attachment disorder
Children with poor adherence to antiepileptic drugs during the first 6 months of treatment are less likely to be seizure free after 4 years
Poor quality evidence to support the use of biofeedback for the treatment of functional constipation in adults
A nurse-led email reminder programme on healthy lifestyle can improve cardiovascular risk factors in hypertensive adults
Health professionals' pain management decisions are influenced by their role (nurse or physician) and by patient gender, age and ethnicity
Infection control practice
Registered nurses, nurse specialists and physicians have a neutral to moderately positive view on nurse prescribing, though physicians still have patient safety concerns
High prevalence of neck, shoulder and back pain among nursing graduates warrants preventive strategies during the degree and into working life
Increasing nurse staffing levels and a higher proportion with bachelor’s degrees could decrease patient mortality risk
Higher numbers of nurses and consultants improve survival rates for critically ill patients