Abciximab: a review and update for clinicians

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The glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor serves as the final common pathway of platelet-thrombus formation. Thus, the GP IIb/IIIa receptor has been identified as a target for the prevention of thrombus formation during acute coronary syndromes and/or percutaneous coronary intervention. While there are several intravenous GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors available, abciximab has proven to be a dependable agent with unique properties. Based on American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association and Society for Angiography and Interventions guidelines, compared with the other available intravenous GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors, abciximab receives the highest recommendation for use in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Abciximab is also unique in that there is no need for renal dosing and its effects are mostly reversible with platelet transfusions.

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