Contemporary management of pulmonary and systemic circulations after the Norwood procedure

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Hypoplastic left heart syndrome remains one of the most challenging pathologies in pediatric cardiac surgery. The surgical techniques, and anesthetic and intensive care management, have evolved over the last decades, which has resulted in improved outcomes. A central component in the postoperative management of hypoplastic left heart syndrome patients is to achieve an optimal balance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations. This article discusses the contemporary postoperative management of pulmonary and systemic circulations in detail.

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