MicroRNA-126 suppresses proliferation of undifferentiated (BRAFV600EandBRAFWT) thyroid carcinoma through targetingPIK3R2gene and repressing PI3K-AKT proliferation-survival signalling pathway

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Abstract

Background:

The objectives of this study are to investigate the expression of miR-126 and evaluate its effect on proliferation in undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma.

Methods:

miR-126 expression of undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma cell lines 8505C (BRAFV600E/V600E), BHT-101 (BRAFV600E/WT) and MB-1 (BRAFWT/WT) were quantified with q-PCR. These cell lines were transiently transfected with exogenous miR-126 (mimic). Following transfection, proliferation effects were observed through MTS proliferation assay and colony formation abilities. Immunofluorescence imaging and Western blot assay were also done to check target proteins expression.

Results:

Under-expression (p<0.05) of miR-126 was noted in BRAFV600E mutated undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma cells (8505C and BHT-101), but no change in expression was noted in non BRAFV600E mutated undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma cells (MB-1). In addition, a 30–50% drop in proliferation ability and a 35–45% reduction in colony formation capability were noticed in miR-126 mimic transfected group when compared to control group. Furthermore, immunofluorescence images showed reduced expression of p85β and p-AKT protein in miR-126 mimic transfected cells when compared to un-transfected cells. Also, Western blot analysis revealed a 34–40% suppression of p85β protein and a 21–53% drop in active AKT kinase (p-AKT) protein in miR-126 mimic transfected group when compared to control group.

Conclusions:

Expression of miR-126 was down-regulated in BRAFV600E mutated undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma. In addition, miR-126 was found to act as proliferation suppressor targeting PIK3R2 gene and reducing p85β (a regulatory subunit of PI3K kinase) protein translation and lower AKT kinase activity. Therefore, miR-126 could be a potential therapeutic tool in the treatment of undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma.

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