Convergence of eicosanoid and integrin biology: Role of Src in 12-LOX activation

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12-Lipoxygenase (12-LOX) metabolizes arachidonic acid to 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, or 12(S)-HETE, a proinflammatory bioactive lipid implicated in tumor angiogenesis, growth, and metastasis. The mechanisms underlying 12-LOX-mediated signaling in cancer progression are still ill-defined. In the present study we demonstrate that 12-LOX phosphorylation and subsequent enzymatic activity occurs after integrin β4 stimulation and Src kinase recruitment to the integrin subunit. Inhibition of Src activity by PP2 or Src dominant-negative mutants reduced 12-LOX tyrosine phosphorylation and 12(S)-HETE production in response to integrin β4 stimulation in A431 cells. The pertinent Src-targeted residues for 12-LOX activity were mapped to Y19 and Y614, where 12-LOX mutants Y19F and Y614F showed 70% less enzymatic activity. Furthermore, we have shown that the 12-LOX activity modulated by these residues impacts migration. To our knowledge, this is the first report that c-Src kinase activity is required for β4-integrin-mediated phosphorylation of 12-LOX.

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