Activation of phospholipase C-γ1 and translocation of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase contribute to GL-V9-induced apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells

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Gastric cancer is the most common type of tumor in developing countries and the fourth most frequently diagnosed cancer worldwide. Here, we demonstrated the apoptotic effects of GL-V9 on several human gastric cancer cells and selected MGC-803 cells to uncover the underlying mechanism. GL-V9 elevated Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, abated mitochondrial membrane potential and triggered the onset of apoptotic execution in MGC-803 cells. Our research revealed that CHOP silencing could not inhibit apoptosis, neither could it block Ca2+ release, suggesting that GL-V9-induced apoptosis was independent of CHOP. Furthermore, GL-V9 increased mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake through 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) receptor via the activation of phospholipase C-γ1 and the translocation of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase from nucleus to endoplasmic reticulum. Moreover, in-vivo studies indicated that GL-V9 exhibited significant MGC-803 xenografts regression in nude mice with low systemic toxicity. In conclusion, GL-V9 could induce apoptosis in gastric cancer cells, and would be a promising therapeutical agent against gastric cancer.

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