Dysregulated noncoding RNAs have been observed in diverse cancers. MIR458K is frequently amplified in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the expression, clinical significances, and action mechanisms of miR-548k in ESCC are still unclear. In this study, we found that miR-548k is significantly up-regulated in ESCC tissues and cell lines. Up-regulated miR-548k expression is significantly correlated with advanced invasion depth, lymph node metastasis, advanced TNM stage, and poor overall survival. Gain-of- and loss-of-function assays demonstrated that miR-548k promotes the proliferation and migration of ESCC cells in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, we found that miR-548k directly targets and represses the expression of long noncoding RNA-LET (lncRNA-LET), and further down-regulates p53 and up-regulates NF90. In addition, we found that lncRNA-LET is down-regulated and inversely correlated with miR-548k in ESCC. Down-regulated lncRNA-LET also indicated poor overall survival of ESCC patients. Functional assays demonstrated that lncRNA-LET inhibits the proliferation and migration of ESCC cells, and the effects of miR-548k on ESCC are dependent on the negative regulation of lncRNA-LET. In summary, our data revealed the critical roles of miR-548k-lncRNA-LET regulation axis in ESCC and suggested that the miR-548k-lncRNA-LET regulation axis may be promising prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for ESCC.