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Heart failure arises from diverse cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, ischemic disease and atherosclerosis, valvular insufficiency, myocarditis, and contractile protein mutations. MicroRNAs are dysregulated in heart failure, but identification of the specific microRNAs involved remains incomplete. Here, we evaluate miR-25 expression in the peripheral blood from healthy, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), remote infarct (OMI), hypertensive heart disease (HHD), and HHD resulting in heart failure (HHDF) using q-PCR. Interestingly, we discovered miR-25 expression in humans is initially decreased at the onset of heart failure but is later increased in end-stage heart failure. We also show that overexpression of miR-25 in normal mice causes cardiomyocyte fibrosis and apoptosis. However, inhibition of miR-25 in normal mice led to activate renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and high blood pressure, mild heart dilation. Notably, the miR-25 cluster knock-out mice was also characterized high blood pressure and no obvious cardiac function alteration. RNA sequencing showed the alteration of miR-25 target genes in angomir-treated mice, including the renin secretion signal related gene. In vitro, cotransfection with the miR-25 antagomir repressed luciferase activity from a reporter construct containing the Pde3a and Cacnalc untranslated region. In summary, miR-25 expression during different stages of heart disease, offers a new perspective for the role of miR-25 function in heart failure.Overexpression of miR-25 cause cardiomyocyte fibrosis and apoptosis, inhibition of miR-25 cause high blood pressure by activate RAS.miR-25 expression in heart failure varies by stage, and its function pattern present “time-space” characteristic.Excessive miR-25 cause heart dysfunction is mainly due to target gene alteration, whereas inhibition of miR-25 do not have this effect.A novel mechanism of miR-25 is increased miR-25 directly cause heart impairment by target alteration and decreased miR-25 indirectly cause heart dysfunction by induced high blood pressure.