miR-675 promotes odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells by epigenetic regulation of DLX3

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Abstract

In a previous study, we showed that microRNA-675 (miR-675) was significantly down-regulated in patients with tricho-dento-osseous (TDO) syndrome. One of the main features of TDO syndrome is dentin hypoplasia. Thus, we hypothesize that miR-675 plays a role in dentin development. In this study, we determined the role of miR-675 in the odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). Stable overexpression and knockdown of miR-675 in hDPCs were performed using recombinant lentiviruses containing U6 promoter-driven miR-675 and short hairpin-miR675 expression cassettes, respectively. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay, Alizarin red staining assay, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), Western blot analysis, and immunofluorescent staining revealed the promotive effects of miR-675 on the odontogenic differentiation of hDPCs. Further, we found that miR-675 facilitates the odontogenic differentiation process of hDPCs by epigenetic regulation of distal-less homeobox (DLX3). Thus, for the first time, we determined that miR-675 regulates the odontogenic differentiation of hDPCs by inhibiting the DNA methyltransferase 3 beta (DNMT3B)-mediated methylation of DLX3. Our findings uncover an unanticipated regulatory role for miR-675 in the odontogenic differentiation of hDPCs by epigenetic changes in DLX3 and provide novel insight into dentin hypoplasia feature in TDO patients.

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