Several single nucleotide polymorphisms have been proposed as potential predictors of the development of age-related diseases.Objective:
To explore whether Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNFA) gene variants were associated with inflammatory status, thus facilitating the rate of telomere shortening and its relation to cellular aging in a population with established cardiovascular disease from the CORDIOPREV study (NCT00924937).Materials and methods:
SNPs (rs1800629 and rs1799964) located at the TNFA gene were genotyped by OpenArray platform in 840 subjects with established cardiovascular disease. Relative telomere length was determined by real time PCR and plasma levels of C-reactive protein by ELISA. In a subgroup of 90 subjects, the gene expression profiles of TNFA, IKKβ, p47phox, p40phox, p22phox and gp91phox were determined by qRT-PCR.Results:
GG subjects for the SNP rs1800629 at the TNFA gene showed shorter relative telomere length and higher plasma levels of hs-CRP than A-allele subjects (p < 0.05). Consistent with these findings, the expression of pro-inflammatory (TNFA) and pro-oxidant (p47phox and the gp91phox) genes was higher in GG subjects than A allele subjects (p < 0.05).Conclusion:
Subjects carrying the GG genotype for the SNP rs1800629 at the TNFA gene show a greater activation of the proinflammatory status than A-allele carriers, which is related to ROS formation. These ROS could induce DNA damage especially in the telomeric sequence, by decreasing the telomere length and inducing cellular aging. This effect may also increase the risk of the development of age-related diseases.