Current therapeutic options for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) include several agents that can alter their immune response to infections. Effective vaccines exist and offer protection against a number of infectious diseases. However, recent data has shown that IBD patients are inadequately vaccinated and, as a result, at risk to develop certain preventable infections. Furthermore, gastroenterologists' knowledge regarding the appropriate immunizations to administer to their IBD patients is suboptimal. This review article focuses on the current immunization schedule for the IBD patient and stresses the important role of the gastroenterologist as an active participant in the management of vaccination in their IBD patients.