Problems and controversies in status epilepticus: a review and recommendations

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Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurologic emergency that require immediate vigorous treatment in order to prevent serious morbidity or even death. Several investigators have suggested that the underlying etiology is the primary determinant of outcome. We believe that this may be true in aggressively treated SE, but not when the treatment is less than optimal. In this article, we will discuss the factors that have been implicated in affecting SE outcomes, and argue, on the basis of both human and experimental animal data, that aggressive treatment is necessary and appropriate for all presentations of SE in order to maximize the probability of a successful outcome even when the etiology suggests a poor prognosis.

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