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The Justification for the Use of Statins in Primary Prevention: An Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin (JUPITER) study was the first large-scale, prospective study to examine the benefits of statin therapy in subjects with elevated levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein but with low-to-normal LDL-cholesterol levels, who were not qualified for lipid-lowering treatment according to the current guidelines for primary prevention. The JUPITER study aimed to determine whether rosuvastatin 20 mg daily would reduce the rate of first major cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death, nonfatal stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina or arterial revascularization. Rosuvastatin reduced LDL-cholesterol levels by 50% and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein by 37%. Compared with placebo, the combined primary end point was reduced in 44% (p < 0.00001), and total mortality in 20% (p = 0.02). The trial confirmed the relationship between the rates of major cardiovascular events with both high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and LDL-cholesterol levels achieved after statin treatment. Interestingly, this was the first large, prospective statin trial to show benefit in the reduction of venous thromboembolism.