Melanoma in Hispanics

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Abstract

Although age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000 population) for melanoma are lower among Hispanics (4.5) compared with non-Hispanic whites (21.6), melanoma in Hispanics is more likely to be diagnosed at more advanced stages, resulting in higher mortality than non-Hispanic whites in the USA. It is likely due to, in part, a lower index of suspicion in both the healthcare providers and the minority populations and, as such, diagnosis is often delayed, resulting in advanced presentation and a worse prognosis. More comprehensive medical training, expanded public education campaigns and increased awareness among patients of all skin types to perform self skin checks are highly recommended. Further studies elucidating the etiology and risk factors for melanoma among minority populations are needed.

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