Antigen-specific T-cell-mediated immunity after HIV-1 infection: implications for vaccine control of HIV development

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The definition of immune correlates of protection in HIV-1 infection is pivotal to the design of successful vaccine candidates and strategies. Although significant methodological and conceptual strides have been made in our understanding of HIV-specific cellular immunity, we have not yet defined those parameters that have a role in controlling the spread of HIV infection. This review discusses the basis of our understanding of HIV-specific cellular immunity and identifies its shortcomings. Furthermore, potential protective characteristics will be proposed that may ultimately be required for an effective vaccine designed to stimulate cellular immunity against HIV-1.

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