Rotarix® was first licensed in 2004 and rapidly introduced into private and public markets worldwide. In a previous 2009 article, we reviewed the impact of rotavirus-associated disease, the rationale for different vaccines, prelicensure efficacy studies and cost–effectiveness studies for Rotarix. As of September 2011, Rotarix had been licensed in 123 countries in the Americas, Europe, Australia, Africa and Asia, of which 27 have incorporated the vaccine into national or regional immunization programs. The current review intends to provide the reader with further insight into this vaccine, focusing mainly on the new information obtained after a 6-year postlicensure period. This review will provide only a brief summary of prelicensure studies extensively discussed in the previous publication and refer, in more depth, to the worldwide experience with the vaccine, vaccine impact, and safety observed in effectiveness and observational studies, including a particular analysis on protection against rotavirus G2P.