Vitamin A Deficiency in Afghanistan

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Abstract

Purpose.

To evaluate children 6 years old and younger, lactating mothers, and women of childbearing age for vitamin A deficiency in the districts of Kabul City, Afghanistan.

Methods.

A set number of patients selected randomly in all 13 districts of the city limits were examined between August and September 2000 for ocular signs of vitamin A deficiency.

Results.

Night blindness, Bitot’s spot, corneal ulceration, and corneal scars were seen in increased amounts as defined by the World Health Organization among the sampled population.

Conclusions.

Vitamin A deficiency is a moderate to severe public health problem in children and lactating mothers in Kabul City, Afghanistan.

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