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To compare the astigmatic outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) with a wavefront-guided (WFG) and a wavefront-optimized (WFO) excimer laser performed on two different platforms.Setting: institutional.Prospective, randomized, fellow eye comparison clinical trial.A total of 142 eyes of 71 patients with myopia of 12 diopters (D) or less and astigmatism of 3D or less were enrolled at the Byers Eye Institute at Stanford between April 2009 and March 2011.One eye of each patient underwent WFG-PRK with the VISX CustomVue Star S4 IR (Abbott Medical Optics, Abbott Park, IL) and the contralateral eye underwent WFO-PRK with the Wavelight Allegretto Eye-Q 400-Hz laser platform (Alcon, Inc., Hüenberg, Switzerland). Alpins vector analysis of astigmatism was performed using manifest refraction measured preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively and vertexed to the corneal plane. Eyes were stratified for subgroup analysis based on preoperative manifest astigmatism.WFG-PRK and WFO-PRK were similar regarding surgically induced astigmatism, difference vector, magnitude of error, correction index, flattening index, and index of success. The angle of error was 60% less in the WFG group compared with the WFO group (4.9±1.1° vs. 11.8±2.4°, P=0.01).WFG-PRK with the VISX CustomVue Star S4 IR and WFO-PRK with the Alcon WaveLight Allegretto Eye-Q 400-Hz excimer laser platform produce similar astigmatic results in myopic patients; however, the WFG mode may produce slightly more predictable astigmatic corrections.