Treatment Practices and Outcomes of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction at a Tertiary Center in Southern India

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Abstract

Objective:

To describe the current treatment practices for meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) at a tertiary eye center, together with the subjective outcomes and compliance behaviors of patients.

Methods:

This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records for MGD severity grading, treatment prescribed, and follow-up schedule. In addition, participants were surveyed to gauge subjective outcomes and treatment adherence.

Results:

Eight hundred ten patients were diagnosed with “MGD” or “meibomitis” and had a total of 14 different treatment combinations prescribed. In 3.0% of cases, there was no treatment specified. As MGD severity increased, it became more likely that management would be applied and this was also associated with significantly longer treatment durations (P=0.02) and shorter follow-up periods (P<0.001). Posttreatment subjective outcomes and treatment adherence surveys had a response rate of 36.7% and 24.1% respectively. Overall, 53.5% reported sustained improvement, 40.7% no improvement, and 5.7% experienced temporary relief. Although no treatment regimen seemed to be more efficacious than others, patients showed greater adherence when using topical reagents compared with lid hygiene measures (P≤0.002).

Conclusion:

Clinicians, in this large tertiary eye center, use a wide range of treatment regimens to manage MGD. This suggests the need for development of standard management protocols. Whether alone, or in combination, no MGD treatment significantly improved subjective symptoms, a result that may be influenced by compliance behaviors. Use of topical reagents (eye drops or ointment) seemed to be associated with the best compliance. Future focus on more effective MGD treatments is needed to improve practical outcomes.

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