The Relationship Between Expressed Emotion and the Probability of Suicide Among Turkish Psychiatric Outpatients: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Survey

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The purpose of this study is to examine expressed emotion and the relationship between expressed emotion and suicide probability in psychiatric outpatients (N = 350). Patients who did not receive support from anyone scored higher on the Level of Expressed Emotion (LEE) Scale than those who were supported by family, friends, or their physician provider. Scores by patients, who selected their spouse as a key person, scored higher on the LEE than those who chose one of their children. Spouses on the LEE were often depicted as being more intrusive, reactive, and intolerant when compared with their children. The probability of suicide increased as the LEE scores on expressed emotion increased.

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