Principles of Nasal Reconstruction

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The rise in cutaneous malignancies over the past 20 years has led to significant advances in reconstructing the nose from an aesthetic and functional standpoint. The principles of nasal reconstruction center on application of the nasal subunit principle, three-layered reconstruction, nasal skin characteristics, and patient factors. Reconstructive planning starts with proper defect analysis, followed by application of the reconstructive ladder for soft-tissue repair, adequate structural support, and repair of nasal lining deficits. Optimal reconstructive methods depend on the location and size of the defect. Finally, refinement of the reconstruction is achieved through dermabrasion, scar revision, and flap thinning techniques.

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