Upper Blepharoplasty: Management of the Upper Eyelid and Brow Complex via Transblepharoplasty Approach

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Abstract

Upper blepharoplasty is one of the more common facial plastic procedures. The upper lid and brow complex are managed together. Whether upper blepharoplasty is performed for medical or cosmetic reasons, the aim is to improve appearance while retaining natural shape and maintaining (or improving) function. For optimal results, it is important to understand relevant eyelid anatomy and the concept of maintaining youthful volume and position of the eyelid brow orbit complex. Management of patient expectations, meticulous planning, and a degree of surgical finesse all contribute to the desired outcome. The article will focus on the assessment, techniques, and complications of upper blepharoplasty, which involve management of the skin, orbicularis oculi, preaponeurotic fat, levator aponeurosis and muscle as related to concomitant ptosis, and lateral brow complex via transblepharoplasty (internal) brow lift and fixation.

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