Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Women With Breast Cancer

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Abstract

The number of cancer patients seeking complementary mind-body therapies has increased within recent years. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based stress reduction and relaxation program (MBSR) on stress, state anxiety, mental adjustment to cancer, and health locus of control in 27 women with diagnosed breast cancer. Findings indicated significant decreases in pre-to-post stress and state anxiety levels; also, results showed significant and beneficial changes for mental adjustment to cancer and health locus of control scores following completion of the MBSR intervention. These results provide initial support for the application of mindfulness-based interventions to individuals struggling with the stress and threat of cancer.

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