Insulin-dependent phosphorylation of DPP IV in liver: Evidence for a role of compartmentalized c-Src

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Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV, CD26, EC serves as a model aimed at elucidating protein sorting signals. We identify here, by MS, several tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in a rat liver Golgi/endosome (G/E) fraction including DPP IV. We show that a pool of DPP IV is tyrosine-phosphorylated. Maximal phosphorylation was observed after 2 min following intravenous insulin injection. DPP IV coimmunoprecipitated with the cellular tyrosine kinase Src (c-Src) with maximal association also observed after 2 min following insulin injection. DPP IV was found phosphorylated after incubation of nonsolubilized G/E membranes with [γ-32P]ATP. The c-Src inhibitor PP2 inhibited DPP IV phosphorylation. Oriented proteolysis experiments indicate that a large pool of c-Src is protected in G/E fractions. Following injection of the protein-tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor bpV(phen), DPP IV levels markedly decreased by 40% both in plasma membrane and G/E fractions. In the fraction designated Lh, DPP IV levels decreased by 50% 15 min following insulin injection. Therefore, a pool of DPP IV is tyrosine-phosphorylated in an insulin-dependent manner. The results suggest the presence of a yet to be characterized signalling mechanism whereby DPP IV has access to c-Src-containing signalling platforms.

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