Yield improvement of epothilones inBurkholderiastrain DSM7029 via transporter engineering

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Abstract

Transporter engineering has been shown to be a positive approach for enhancing natural product titers in microbial cell factories by expelling target compounds out of feasible hosts. In this work, two multidrug efflux pumps, Orf14 and Orf3, were modulated in the epothilone production strain Burkholderia DSM7029::Tn5-km-epo (named G32) via Red/ET engineering to increase heterologous polyketide epothilone yields. Compared with the prior G32 strain, the total production of several epothilones in the G32::orf14-orf3 mutant was meaningfully doubled according to high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer analysis. Typically for epothilone B, in simple and clear liquid medium CYMG, the overall productivity in the engineered high-yield producer G32::orf14-orf3 was improved for almost 3-fold, from 2.7 to about 8.1 μg/l. Additionally, the ratio of extracellular to intracellular accumulation of epothilone B was raised from 9.3:1 to 13.7:1 in response to expression of two putative transport genes orf14 and orf3. Hence, we strongly recommend that the Orf14 and Orf3 transporters export epothilone, thus promotes the forward reaction of biosynthesis on epothilone manufacture inside the cells. Our results afford a practical stage for yield improvement of other heterologous natural products in broad chassis cells.

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