Susceptibility to and resistance determinants of fusidic acid inStaphylococcus aureusisolated from Chinese children with skin and soft tissue infections

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the resistance rates and determinants of fusidic acid among S taphylococcus aureus isolates collected from Chinese pediatric patients with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). Between 2008 and 2009, a total of 186 clinical S. aureus isolates were collected from the pediatric patients with SSTIs, abscess (44.6%) was the most common SSTI in children 0–16 years old. Four clinical isolates (4/186, 2.2%) were resistant to fusidic acid. Two of these isolates were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) that carry the fusC gene. The other two isolates were methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) that carry the fusB gene. In the two fusB-positive clinical isolates, the fusB gene was located in a transposon-like element that has 99% identity with a pUB101 fragment from S. aureus. The four fusidic acid-resistant clinical isolates were ST1-MRSA-SCCmecV-t127, ST93-MRSA-SCCmecIII-t202, ST680-MSSA-t5415, and ST680-MSSA-t377. The fusidic acid resistance rate of S. aureus isolated from Chinese pediatric patients with SSTIs was low, and the genes fusB and fusC were the main resistance determinants. The transposon-like element that contains the fusB gene might participate in the transmission of fusidic acid resistance genes. This is the first report regarding the emergence of fusidic acid-resistant clinical S. aureus isolates in mainland China.

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