Generation and envelope protein analysis of internalization defectiveBrucella abortusmutants in professional phagocytes, RAW 264.7

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Brucella abortus is a facultative intracellular bacteria that replicates within a macrophage without producing any classical virulence factors. It can become internalized to cells by zipper-like and/or swimming internalization mechanisms. However, the bacterial proteins involved in internalization remain unclear. To define these bacterial proteins, random insertion mutants of B. abortus were generated by the Tn5 transposome complexes. In all, 132 mutants were screened, cellular internalization-defective mutants were selected, and these genomic and envelope proteomic features were identified. The transposon insertion sites were ccmC, ppk and BruAb2_0168 for the mutant C10, C29 and D7, respectively. Mutant C10 showed a deficiency in internalization without any changes in expression of the cell envelope proteins; however, mutant C29 showed a reduced expression of OMP25, and a mutant D7 also showed reduced expression of OMP25, OMP28 and Porin2b. These results suggest OMP25 is not an essential factor, but might be involved in host cellular internalization. We identified the ppk gene and BruAb2_0168 locus which are associated to expression of OMP25, OMP28 and Porin2b as well as pleiotropic effects of ccmC gene.

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