Celecoxib is a multifaceted drug with promising anticancer properties. A number of studies have been conducted that implicate the compound in modulating the expression of Bcl-2 family members and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. The growing data surrounding the role of celecoxib in the regulation of the mitochondrial death pathway provides a platform for ongoing debate. Studies that describe celecoxib's properties as a BH3 mimic or as a direct inhibitor of Bcl-2 are not available. The motivations for this review are: to provide the basis for the development of novel compounds that modulate Bcl-2 expression using celecoxib as a structural starting point and to encourage additional biological studies (such as binding and enzymatic assays) that would provide information regarding celecoxib's role as a Bcl-2 antagonist. The current review summarizes work that identifies the role of celecoxib in blocking the activity of Bcl-2.