Dovitinib (CHIR258, TKI258): structure, development and preclinical and clinical activity

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Abstract

Dovitinib is an oral multikinase inhibitor targeting FGF receptors, PDGF receptors and VEGF receptors. Its activity against FGF receptors suggests its usefulness in treating cancers after the failure of VEGF/VEGF receptor-targeting agents. The identified dose and schedule to be used in further studies was 500 mg orally for 5 days on and 2 days off. Biological considerations and the results achieved in a Phase I/II trial suggested its activity in advanced renal cell carcinoma patients pretreated with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor and an mTOR inhibitor. Surprisingly, in a randomized controlled Phase III trial versus sorafenib in the same setting, dovitinib failed to demonstrate any superiority. At present, dovitinib is being tested in different tumor types. However, molecular-based patient selection seems to be key to fully exploit the activity of this drug.

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