Effect of Extra-osseous Talotarsal Stabilization on Posterior Tibial Tendon Strain in Hyperpronating Feet


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Abstract

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is considered one of the most common causes of progressive adult acquired flatfoot deformity. The etiology leading to the dysfunction of posterior tibial tendon remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to quantify strain on the posterior tibial tendon in cadaver feet exhibiting hyperpronation caused by flexible instability of the talotarsal joint complex. We hypothesized that posterior tibial tendon strain would decrease after a minimally invasive extra-osseous talotarsal stabilization procedure. A miniature differential variable reluctance transducer was used to measure the elongation of posterior tibial tendon in 9 fresh-frozen cadaver specimens. The elongation was measured as the foot was moved from its neutral to maximally pronated position, before and after intervention with the HyProCure® extra-osseous talotarsal stabilization device. The mean elongation of the posterior tibial tendon (with respect to a fixed reference point) was found to be 6.23 ± 2.07 mm and 3.04 ± 1.85 mm, before and after intervention, respectively (N = 27; variation is ± 1 SD). The average elongation reduced by 51% and was statistically significant with p < .001. Strain on the posterior tibial tendon is significantly higher in hyperpronating feet. An extra-osseous talotarsal stabilization procedure reduces excessive abnormal elongation of the posterior tibial tendon by minimizing excessive abnormal pronation. This minimally invasive procedure may thus provide a possible treatment option to prevent or cure posterior tibial tendon dysfunction in patients exhibiting flexible instability of the talotarsal joint complex.Level of Clinical Evidence: 5

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