Operative Management of Foot and Ankle Equinovarus Associated with Focal Dystonia

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Six surgical procedures, consisting of tendon transfers and releases, were performed in five patients with idiopathic focal dystonia involving the lower extremity. All patients were female. Surgical management was performed to correct clinically significant foot abnormalities. The goal of each procedure was functional improvement and obtaining a plantigrade foot. The SPLATT (split anterior tibial tendon transfer) procedure was performed in each foot with a flexible equinovarus foot abnormality. Follow up at a mean of 27.2 months (range, 8-40 months) yielded satisfactory clinical results without significant complications. Clinical equinovarus has not recurred after this procedure. All patients remain brace-free ambulators.

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