Operative Management of Haglund's Deformity in the Nonathlete: A Retrospective Study

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Haglund's deformity, or "pump bump," is a common cause of posterior heel pain. Management of the condition usually consists of nonoperative therapy. This study presents a retrospective study of 65 cases (53 patients), with symptomatic Haglund's deformity in nonathletes (13 male and 40 female), who presented during a 4-year period (1989-1994). Sixty-five percent (39 heels) of these patients failed to respond to nonoperative therapy for an average of 62 weeks, (range, 4-260 weeks). This group of patients went on to operative treatment. Surgical management consisted of excision of the posterior calcaneal tuberosity through a medial longitudinal incision with debridement, reattachment of the Achilles tendon using bone anchors, and 4 weeks of postoperative immobilization. Thirty-nine patients (74%) were contacted for follow-up. The average follow-up period for these patients was 155 weeks, (range, 92-335 weeks). There were 50% excellent results, 47% good results, 3% fair results (1 patient), and no poor results. The Maryland Foot Score for operated heels was an average of 67/100 preoperative and an average of 92/100 postoperative. On unoperated heels the score was an average of 81/100 at first evaluation and an average of 86/100 at final evaluation. Complications included one recurrence of painful prominence, one wound infection, and one incisional neuroma. The outcome of these cases demonstrated that in those patients who fail nonoperative treatment, surgical treatment of Haglund's deformity produces a predictably good surgical result when performed using the technique described.

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