Characterization and functional properties of digestive proteases in two sparids; gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and common dentex (Dentex dentex)

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Abstract

Digestive proteases present in two sparids, seabream (Sparus aurata) and common dentex (Dentex dentex), have been characterized using both biochemical and electrophoretic techniques. Although optimum pH and temperature for maximum activity of both acid and alkaline proteases were similar in the two species, important differences in total activity, as well as in thermal and pH stability were found. Specific inhibitors and SDS-PAGE zymograms were used to clarify such differences. Evidences support the existence of a more active and complex protease set in dentex. Results are discussed from the perspective of their application to the formulation of feeds for each species.

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