Outcomes in 450 Women After Minimally Invasive Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

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Abstract

Objective

To report outcomes and complications in approximately 450 women who underwent isolated minimally invasive abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) for the management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

Material and Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of women who underwent minimally invasive ASC (laparoscopic ASC [LASC] or robotic ASC [RASC]) for symptomatic POP at Loyola University Chicago Medical Center from 2007 to 2012. Polypropylene mesh was used and the decision to reperitonealize the mesh was left to surgeon discretion. Data collected included demographics, Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory questionnaire, intraoperative and postoperative details, and POP quantification.

Results

Four hundred twenty-eight women underwent minimally invasive ASC—232 LASC and 226 RASC. Most women (86%) did not undergo reperitonealization of the mesh. Median follow-up was 13 weeks (range, 2–268 weeks) for complications and 13 weeks (range, 2–104 weeks) for anatomic outcomes.

Results

Postoperatively, 88.6% of women had stage 0/I, 10.7% had stage II, and 2 women had stage III POP. Twelve (2.6%) underwent reoperation, 6 for POP (3 posterior repairs, 2 repeat ASC, 1 perineorrhaphy) and 6 for bowel complications. Fourteen women had postoperative bowel complications; half of which resolved with conservative treatment. There were no differences between anatomic and functional outcomes or bowel complications between LASC and RASC. Reoperation rates for bowel complications in women who underwent reperitonealization of the mesh were similar to those who did not (1.5% vs 1.0%, P = 0.86).

Conclusions

Minimally invasive ASC without concomitant vaginal repair is an effective and safe procedure for the surgical management of POP with low rates of reoperation and complications.

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