Transvaginal Trigger Point Injections Improve Pain Scores in Women with Pelvic Floor Hypertonicity and Pelvic Pain Conditions

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Chronic pelvic pain in women often requires multimodal treatment regimens. We describe our method of transvaginal trigger point injections (TPIs) and report outcomes using change in pain scores.


This was a retrospective review of women treated with in-office pelvic floor muscle injections from January 2012 to August 2015. Lidocaine 1% and 2%, bupivacaine 0.5%, or ropivacaine 0.5% with or without the addition of triamcinolone 40 mg was used for the injections. Pain was reported on a 0- to 10-point numerical rating scale before and after injection. Differences in pretreatment and posttreatment pain scores were analyzed after the first injection and after subsequent injections. Repeated-measures analysis was used to determine if any variable affected treatment response.


One hundred one women with a mean age of 44 years had a total of 257 separate visits for pelvic floor muscle injections. Triamcinolone was used at 90.2% (230/255) of the TPI visits. After the initial TPI visit, there was significant decrease in total levator numerical rating scale score (maximum score, 20; mean, −6.21 ± 4.7; P < 0.0001), and 77% (70/91) of patients had improved. These significant improvements were noted at all visits 1 through 4 and whether bilateral or unilateral injections were done. Only the total amount of local anesthestic used had a significant effect on the change in total levator pain scores (P = 0.002). Minor adverse effects including leg numbness, dizziness, nausea, bleeding, and headache occurred at 10% of visits.


Pelvic floor muscle injections decrease pain levels in women with pelvic floor dysfunction.

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