Transvaginal Trigger Point Injections Improve Pain Scores in Women with Pelvic Floor Hypertonicity and Pelvic Pain Conditions

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Abstract

Objectives

Chronic pelvic pain in women often requires multimodal treatment regimens. We describe our method of transvaginal trigger point injections (TPIs) and report outcomes using change in pain scores.

Methods

This was a retrospective review of women treated with in-office pelvic floor muscle injections from January 2012 to August 2015. Lidocaine 1% and 2%, bupivacaine 0.5%, or ropivacaine 0.5% with or without the addition of triamcinolone 40 mg was used for the injections. Pain was reported on a 0- to 10-point numerical rating scale before and after injection. Differences in pretreatment and posttreatment pain scores were analyzed after the first injection and after subsequent injections. Repeated-measures analysis was used to determine if any variable affected treatment response.

Results

One hundred one women with a mean age of 44 years had a total of 257 separate visits for pelvic floor muscle injections. Triamcinolone was used at 90.2% (230/255) of the TPI visits. After the initial TPI visit, there was significant decrease in total levator numerical rating scale score (maximum score, 20; mean, −6.21 ± 4.7; P < 0.0001), and 77% (70/91) of patients had improved. These significant improvements were noted at all visits 1 through 4 and whether bilateral or unilateral injections were done. Only the total amount of local anesthestic used had a significant effect on the change in total levator pain scores (P = 0.002). Minor adverse effects including leg numbness, dizziness, nausea, bleeding, and headache occurred at 10% of visits.

Conclusions

Pelvic floor muscle injections decrease pain levels in women with pelvic floor dysfunction.

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