Immunomodulatory effects of decaffeinated green tea (Camellia sinensis) on the immune system of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

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Abstract

In order to study the immunomodulatory effects of decaffeinated green tea extract on rainbow trout, a study with a 30-day feeding trial was conducted. Commercial diets with graded levels of decaffeinated green tea extract, 20 mg (T1), 100 mg (T2), 500 mg (T3) per kg feed were prepared. 120 rainbow trout (35 ± 3 g) were randomly assigned to 4 groups in triplicates and fed one of the 3 experimental diets formulated or control diet. After feeding trial, 12 fish from each group were sampled for analysis of some immunological parameters. Remaining fish were injected with 0.5 ml of chicken red blood cell (C-RBC) suspension (2%) intraperitoneally on days 5 and 15 after feeding trial. Results of the current study showed that the inclusion of 20 mg kg-1 green tea (T1) in fish diet enhanced the serum bactericidal activity against Yersinia ruckeri, while significant elevation of lysozyme activity was shown in T2 group. Anti-trypsin activity due to α1-antiprotease was significantly higher in T1 and T2 groups while peroxidase content showed significant increase in all treatment groups compared to control group. Hemagglutination antibody titer against C-RBC was significantly higher in fish administered with 100 mg kg−1 green tea (T2). Our findings showed that decaffeinated green tea in lower doses of administration could be optimum to enhance the immunity of rainbow trout.

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