Purification, characterization and functional analysis of the immune molecule lectin from the haemolymph of blue swimmer crabPortunus pelagicusand their antibiofilm properties

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Abstract

The present study reveals purification and characterization of immune molecule lectin from the haemolymph of blue swimmer crab Portunus pelagicus (Pp-Lec). The Pp-Lec was purified by affinity chromatography with mannose coupled sepharose CL-4B column and it exhibits single band with a molecular weight of 155 kDa in SDS-PAGE. The surface morphology of purified Pp-Lec displays the homogeneous nature of protein. A distinct peak with a retention time of 3.3 min was appeared in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis expresses a single peak at 31.5° which shows the purity and crystalline nature of the protein respectively. Functional analysis of purified Pp-Lec exhibits encapsulation activity against sepharose beads and yeast agglutination activity against Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Moreover, the purified Pp-Lec has the ability to agglutinates with the human erythrocytes among tested and which was observed by light microscopy. In addition, purified Pp-Lec showed the broad spectrum of antibacterial activity against Gram-positive Bacillus pumulis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Enterococcus faecalis and Gram negative Citrobacter amalonaticus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris, Citrobacter murliniae, Citrobacter freundii, Morganella morganii. Antibiofilm potential of purified Pp-Lec against selective Gram-negative bacteria showed the disruption of biofilm architecture at the concentration of 50 μg ml−1.

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