The immune response of European sea bass to RGNNV and SJNNV infections has been evaluated by quantifying the transcription of some genes involved in the IFN I system, as well as in the inflammatory and adaptive immune mechanisms. The transcription of IFN-I, ISG-12, ISG-15 and MxA genes has been analyzed in brain and head kidney, showing that RGNNV genotype induces a more intense response of the IFN I system than SJNNV in both organs. In addition, the results obtained indicate the importance of the inflammatory response in nodavirus pathogenesis, with the transcription of IL-8 and TNF-α significantly higher in brain than in head kidney, being RGNNV the strongest inductor. An important difference between the immune response induced by both genotypes refers to the IgM titre in sera, which was higher in SJNNV-inoculated fish. The acquired response is also important locally, since TR-γ transcription is higher in brain than in head kidney (especially in the RGNNV-inoculated group). To our knowledge, this is the first study addressing the sea bass anti-SJNNV immune response.