Effect of dietary yeast nucleotide on antioxidant activity, non-specific immunity, intestinal cytokines, and disease resistance in Nile Tilapia


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Abstract

The present study investigated the effects of dietary supplementation of yeast nucleotides on the hematology, antioxidant activity, non-specific immunity, expression of intestinal cytokines, and disease resistance in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish weighing 42.90 ± 0.14 g were randomly divided into four groups. Each group was set in triplicate (15 fish per replicate). Fish were fed on four dietary levels of yeast nucleotides (NTs) supplemented with the basal diet 0% (control), 0.05%, 0.15%, and 0.25% NTs. Significantly higher total serum protein, albumin, total serum globulin, total WBC counts, and lymphocyte and granulocyte contents were recorded in 0.25% NT group as compared to the control. The albumin/globulin ratio (A:G) showed a considerable decrease in the 0.25% NT group. The non-specific immune parameters; serum killing percentage, lysozyme activity, nitric oxide assay, IgM levels, and anti-protease activity, were significantly higher in the 0.25% NT group as compared to the control. Moreover, a 15-day feeding trial demonstrated improved results in terms of serum lysozyme activity, nitric oxide assay, IgM levels, and anti-protease activity than a 30-day feeding trial. A significant increase in the anti-oxidant status of O. niloticus was noticed, as reflected by increased superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde activity in the serum of 0.25% NT group compared to the control, while glutathione peroxidase displayed a significant increase in all groups as compared to the control. The intestinal cytokines TGF-β, IL-1β, IL-10β, and TNF-α mRNA levels showed a pattern of 0.25% NT > 0.15% NT > 0.05% NT > 0% NT, as relative to the control Ef-1α levels. The relative survival percentages of fish fed on yeast nucleotide-supplemented diets, as analyzed by exposure to Aeromonas sobria, were significantly better than the control group. In conclusion, dietary yeast nucleotide administration at 0.25% improved blood proteins, leukocytes, antioxidant activity, non-specific immunity, cytokine gene expression, and disease resistance of Nile Tilapia.HighlightsYeast nucleotide improved immune status of Nile tilapia.The intestinal cytokines were enhanced by yeast nucleotide dietary supplementation.The antioxidant response was improved by yeast nucleotide dietary supplementation.Tilapia fed yeast nucleotide supplemented diet had highest post-challenge survival rate.Yeast nucleotide could be a promising fish feed supplements.

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