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The circadian clock plays a critical role in regulating the immune system. Our previous publication revealed that a mutation in the circadian gene period1b (per1b) in zebrafish significantly decreased proinflammatory gene expression, particularly under constant darkness (DD) conditions; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, using per1b-null mutant zebrafish and a larval tail fin injury model, we observed that the loss of per1b resulted in the downregulation expression of proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6 and TNF-α, at protein level. Furthermore, the loss of per1b downregulated ERK phosphorylation and inhibited p65 phosphorylation, leading to reduced NF-κB activation, which could downregulate the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6 and TNF-α, in zebrafish. These results provided insight into the communication between the circadian clock and immune functions.Circadian gene per1b mutant suppresses NF–κB signalling in zebrafish.ERK activity contributes to the IκB degradation.ERK regulates proinflammatory cytokines production.