Identification of a Bcl-xL homolog from orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) involved in SGIV-induced nonapoptotic cell death

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Abstract

Bcl-2 family proteins play essential roles in modulating immune response and controlling cells’ fate. Bcl-xL is one of anti-apoptotic protein in this family. In this study, a new Bcl-xL homolog (EcBcl-xL) was identified and characterized from orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides. EcBcl-xL encoded a 221 amino acid peptides that shared 86% identity to Larimichthys crocea Bcl-xL protein, contained four conserved BH domains and one transmembrane region. The predicted three-dimensional structure of EcBcl-xL was similar with Homo sapiens Bcl-xL. EcBcl-xL widely expressed in all tested tissues with highest expression in head kidney. Its expression level was significantly up-regulated after SGIV infection in vivo. Furthermore, overexpression of EcBcl-xL could inhibit SGIV-induced nonapoptotic cell death and suppressed viral genes transcriptions in GS cells. Our findings suggested that EcBcl-xL might play a role during virus infection through modulating SGIV-induced nonapoptotic cell death.

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