Comparative gastroprotective effect of post-treatment with low doses of rutin and cimetidine in rats

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The anti-ulcerogenic potentials of low doses of rutin and cimetidine in ethanol-, acetic acid-, and stress-induced ulcers in rats have been evaluated and compared in this study. In each model, male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups (I–VI). Groups II–VI were administered 1 mL/100 g ethanol orally, 0.05 mL of 20% acetic acid submucosally or kept in a cold chamber for 6 h to induce ulcer in the ethanol-, acetic acid-, and stress-induced ulceration model, respectively. Thereafter, group III was post-treated with 300 mg/kg cimetidine and groups IV–VI with 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg rutin, respectively, while the control (group I) received distilled water in Tween 20. One hour after post-treatment, all groups were killed and the gastric ulcer index was calculated. Malondialdehyde (MDA) level, vitamin C content, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity were evaluated in the gastric mucosa of animals. Post-treatment with rutin significantly reduced ulcerogen-induced gastric damage in all models. This effect was significant at all dose levels compared with the ulcer-induced groups. Rutin significantly reduced the MDA levels but increased the vitamin C content and GPx activity. Ulcer index and MDA level were highest in the ethanol-induced ulcer model while vitamin C content and GPx activity were lowest in the stress-induced ulcer model. The study showed that all three models of ulceration appeared to be linked to oxidative stress and also ascribed significant anti-ulcerogenic potential to rutin especially at lower doses of 20–80 mg/kg.

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