Interaction between pediatric HIV infection and measles

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Infections by measles virus and by HIV cause a state of immunodeficiency in the host. While measles virus leads to a transient immunodeficiency with depression of cellular mediated immunity, natural HIV infection leads to a progressive immunodeficiency of both humoral and cellular immunity. This review will focus on the interaction between HIV and measles virus in pediatric patients. Different scenarios of virus interaction will be dissected and their implications for a practical approach in terms of the individual patient and strategies to eliminate measles virus will be discussed.

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