Role of Nutrition and Feeding for the Chronically Ill Pediatric Liver Patient Awaiting Liver Transplant

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Abstract

This article reviews the essential role of nutrition in optimizing care for pediatric patients with liver disease awaiting liver transplant. A review of growth and overall principles of feeding for pediatric patients, from infancy through childhood and into adolescence, is provided including the role of macro- and micronutrients, nutrient distribution, and nutrition supplementation. The importance of a thorough nutrition assessment is reviewed, including focus areas the nurse can address with patients and families such as diet histories, growth, and dietary modifications. Suggestions for monitoring and implementing nutrition strategies are provided.

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