Ambulatory electrocardiogram analysis in infants treated with recombinant human acid α-glucosidase enzyme replacement therapy for Pompe disease

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Abstract

Purpose:

Infantile Pompe disease is caused by deficiency of lysosomal acid α-glucosidase. Trials with recombinant human acid α-glucosidase enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) show a decrease in left ventricular mass and improved function. We evaluated 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiograms (ECGs) at baseline and during ERT in patients with infantile Pompe disease.

Methods:

Thirty-two ambulatory ECGs were evaluated for 12 patients with infantile Pompe disease from 2003 to 2005. Patients had a median age of 7.4 months (2.9–37.8 months) at initiation of ERT. Ambulatory ECGs were obtained at determined intervals and analyzed.

Results:

Significant ectopy was present in 2 of 12 patients. Patient 1 had 211 and 229 premature ventricular contractions (0.2% of heart beats) at baseline and at 11.5 weeks of ERT, respectively. Patient 2 had 10,445 premature ventricular contractions (6.7% of heart beats) at 11 weeks of therapy.

Conclusion:

Infantile Pompe disease may have preexisting ectopy; it may also develop during the course of ERT. Therefore, routinely monitoring patients using 24-hour ambulatory ECGs is useful. Periods of highest risk may be early in the course of ERT when there is a substantial decrease in left ventricular mass and an initial decrease in ejection fraction.

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